It is not the Kenya Army is the senior service of the Kenya Defense Forces. For Its operations to be a success they are organized into various battalions and troops.
Kenya Army’s Infantry units are the principle fighting units of the Kenya Army. The main mission of the Infantry formations is to fight and win land battles within an area of operation in the defense of the country against land – based aggression, while still they are involved in provision of aid and support to civil authorities in the maintenance of order.
“Deploying Kenya Defense Forces in a particular area for instance in Somalia basically means making use of this division of the Kenya Army”
Where this unit can’t access using fighting tanks, Kenya Army Paratroopers are ground troops who operate in areas that ground vehicles cannot operate. They are usually, deployed by air and descend on parachutes to their destinations on the ground.
Kenya Army’s Parachute Battalion which is based in Gilgil, has contributed enormously in internal and external security operations.
Some of the operations where this unit has successfully delivered include the Shifta campaign in the North Eastern Province and the Ngoroko campaign in Turkana and West Pokot District to ﬂush out the Ethiopian rebel group, Oromo Liberation Front.
They have been very pivotal on other areas of operation in Lokichogio (1991-1992), Garbanilla (1994 – 1996), Baragoi (1998 – 2001) and Hakati 2004 and 2005.
Another battalion is Kenya Army Armour, these are armoured troops who use bullet proof trucks to access extremely dangerous places. The history of Armored Reconnaissance Battalion (ARB) can be traced back to 1968 when a reconnaissance troop was formed at the Kenya Army Headquarters, Nairobi.
The Isiolo based Kenya Army Artillery comprises in what is referred in the army as the Support Battalion. Kenya Army’s School of Artillery has its origin to 1966 soon after the formation of the first Artillery battery, the 1st Mortar Battery.
Another very critical unit in Kenya Army is Kenya Army Engineers that was formed on October 1, 1965 as an Engineer Company based at Gilgil. Away from the battle field, the unit has successfully undertaken several projects including Construction of Wajir Airstrip in 1970s.
50 Air Cavalry Battalion (50 ACB) was set up as an aerial reconnaissance and airborne anti – tank battalion on July 1, 1979. It is referred to as Air Force of the Army. Before to its implementation, there were suggestions that the new unit was to be an Air Force unit.