The Kenya Army was previously known as the King’s African Rifles, and it operated as part of the British Colonial Forces until independence. The Kenya army has a number of infantry formations, including the Kenya Rifles Battalions, which are stationed around the country. The Kenya Rifles Battalions are made up of the following units:
- 3 Kenya Rifles (3 KR)
This is Kenya’s oldest battalion, and it has played an important role in the protection and policing of East African regions, particularly during the Shifta war against Somalia in 1963 and 1967. The battalion is currently stationed in Nakuru’s Lanet.
The 3 KR has not only protected Kenyan territory, but has also assisted in a variety of civil and ceremonial functions.
- 5 Kenya Rifles (5 KR)
Gilgil is the headquarters for this Battalion. In the 1960s, 5 KR was the first battalion to be dispatched to the North Eastern Province to combat the newly independent Somalia’s aggressive insurgents. Its efforts paid off, and the commanders who took part promoted through the ranks of the military. Major Lenges, for example, was promoted to Army Commander.
- 7 Kenya Rifles (7 KR)
This battalion was established in 1968 and was initially stationed in Gilgil before moving to its current barracks in Langata. It has produced a number of high-ranking officials, including Gen. Lenges, a former director of Kenya’s National Security Intelligence Service (NSIS).
- 1 Kenya Rifles (1 KR)
The 11th Kenya Africa Rifles, which participated in World War II but were deemed too expensive, were renamed 1 Kenya Rifles. It was returned to North Eastern Kenya to aid in the Shifta War.
It is credited with the development of modern anti-banditry operations, having been deployed in Shifta-affected districts like as Isiolo, Garbatulla, and Merti, which now have patrol bases.
The recovery of a large number of assorted weapons and ammunition during the Boka Wells Operations in 1996 was one of the 1 KR’s great accomplishments.
- 9 Kenya Rifles ( 9KR)
In 1979, the 9th battalion was established. As the first formation formula, it took its personnel from the already existent Kenya Rifles Battalion.
The battalion is based in Moi Barracks near Eldoret, where it was first bestowed with its colors by then-President Daniel Moi in 1980.
The Desert Rangers are the senior most unit of the 6th Brigade and were formed as a part of the then Kenya Army Commander’s medium term modernisation program.
The Kenya Rifles Battalion is one of the country’s oldest, and it is responsible with ensuring the country’s security both internally and outside.
The strategic positioning of Kenya Rifles bases around the country means that they can work together to provide rapid responses to crises in any part of the country.